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# FAQ's

Q. Are hourly fields available from NCA-LDAS?
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A. No, because the model output from LIS was only saved as a daily average. The objective of NCA-LDAS is to provide an integrated terrestrial water analysis system. Daily-averaged output meets this objective. Future versions of the NCA-LDAS may include sub-daily output fields if there is sufficient demand/interest.

Q. Are monthly averages available from NCA-LDAS?
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A. Not at this time. However, monthly averages can be easily created from the daily-averaged files using the GES DISC Giovanni service. Future versions of the NCA-LDAS may include monthly-averaged output fields if there is sufficient demand/interest.

Q. Are real-time updates available from NCA-LDAS?
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A. Not at this time. It is projected that new versions of the NCA-LDAS datasets will be released every year or two. These updated versions will include the next full calendar year(s) of data. The latest version 2.0 of the NCA-LDAS dataset goes to 31 Dec 2016. The new versions will also include new/updated satellite Environmental Data Records (EDRs) and other associated data assimilation and forcing improvements.

Q. How can I obtain total soil moisture amount [kg m-2] from the NCA-LDAS data?
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A. The NCA-LDAS dataset currently provide soil moisture values in units of [m^3 m-3] for volumetric soil moisture. To convert to units of [kg m-2] for the total soil moisture amount in each layer, all you do is multiply the [m^3 m-3] value by the thickness of the layer in [mm]. The assumption is made that the density of the water in the soil is 1000 [kg m-3].

NCA-LDAS SM volumetric  ---->   [converting to]   ---->   NCA-LDAS SM amount

thickness of
1000 kg      1 m        layer in mm       kg
volumetric soil moisture  X  -------  X  -------  X  -----------   =   --
m^3       1000 mm          1            m^2



As an example, for the 0-10cm layer, just multiply by 100mm to convert the data from volumetric soil moisture to get units of [kg m-2]. For the 10-40cm layer, multiply by 300mm, and so on for the other soil moisture layers. The volumetric soil moisture values range between wilting point and porosity (e.g., ~0.01 to ~0.5). If we divide the volumetric soil moisture [m^3 m-3] by porosity [m^3 m-3], we will get the soil moisture fraction which ranges from 0 to 1.

Q. What are the known issues with the NCA-LDAS datasets?
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A. The NCA-LDAS LSMs were forced with the NLDAS-2 Forcing dataset, and are thus subject to the same issues as the NLDAS-2 forcing.