NLDAS-2 Validation Information

Soil moisture evaluation:

2014 Xia et al. J. Hydrology Evaluation of multi-model simulated soil moisture in NLDAS-2
2015 Xia et al. J. Hydrometeorology Comparison of NLDAS-2 simulated and NASMD observed daily soil moisture. Part I: Comparison and analysis
2015 Xia et al. J. Hydrometeorology Comparison of NLDAS-2 simulated and NASMD observed daily soil moisture. Part II: Impact of soil texture classification and vegetation type mismatches
2015 Xia et al. J. Appl. Meteor. and Climo. Automated quality control of in situ soil moisture from the North American Soil Moisture Database using NLDAS-2 products

Soil temperature evaluation:

2013 Xia et al. J. Appl. Meteor. Climatol. Validation of Noah-simulated soil temperature in NLDAS-2

Evapotranspiration evaluation:

2014 Xia et al. Hydrological Processes Evaluation of NLDAS-2 evapotranspiration against tower flux site observations
2014 Matsui and Mocko Chapter in Encyclopedia of Natural Resources - Land - Volume I Transpiration and physical evaporation: Regional and seasonal variability over the conterminous United States
2014 Long et al. Water Resources Research Uncertainty in evapotranspiration from land surface modeling, remote sensing, and GRACE satellites
2011 Peters-Lidard et al. Hydrological Processes Estimating evapotranspiration with land data assimilation systems

Runoff/streamflow evaluation:

2012 Xia et al. J. Geophys. Res. Continental-scale water and energy flux analysis and validation for NLDAS-2. Part 2: Validation of model-simulated streamflow
2014 Kumar et al. J. Hydrometeorology - Drought Task Force special collection Assimilation of remotely sensed soil moisture and snow depth retrievals for drought estimation

Snow evaluation:

2010 Livneh et al. J. Hydrometeorology Noah LSM snow model diagnostics and enhancements
2014 Xia et al. Hydrological Processes Improved NLDAS-2 Noah-simulated hydrometeorological products with an interim run

NLDAS validation from NLDAS Phase 1 is also available from NOAA/NCEP/EMC.